Slave-owning officers of the 13th

I finally found the time to run the names of some of the 13th’s commissioned and non-commissioned officers through the federal 1860 Slave Schedules Census search engine at Ancestry.com

I have, so far, found the following slave ownership (or lack thereof) information that fits the names and home city/county (compiled by McLean and Howell) for nineteen initial field & service staff officers of the regiment and ten initial company captains.

More will be added here as I run the names for the staff replacements through the war and the rest of the company officers and their replacements. Eventually I’ll try to do a separate post on all of the privates.

So far, it seems that six of the initial nineteen field & service staff officers—including the commander, Col. Barksdale—and half of the initial ten company captains owned a total of 179 slaves.

Some historians, as noted in the comments to this post, think it’s significant if a soldier’s wife, parents, siblings or other close relative owned slaves. To the extent that I can find such relationships, I will include them, though I think personal ownership has more meaning.

And what is that meaning? Not, as historians such as Joseph Glatthaar in General Lee’s Army, From Victory to Collapse, contend, that it means they were “fighting for slavery.” Just that they were the last participants in an old racist American institution which many people and societies today rightly condemn.

Colonel/later Brigadier General William Barksdale, of Lowndes County, MS, apparently owned 36 slaves, ranging in age from a 1-year-old male to an 83-year-old female.

Lt. Col. Mackerness Hudson Whitaker of Marion, MS,  apparently owned none.

Adjutant Edwin A. Miller, of Waynesboro, Wayne County, is not listed as owning slaves.

Major Isham Harrison, of Lowndes County, seems to have owned 49 slaves, ranging in age from a 10 yr old male to a 70 yr old female.

Quartermaster Captain James H. Turner, also of Lowndes County, seems to have owned 9 slaves, from a 4 yr old male to a 39 yr old female.

Surgeon John T. Gilmore, a doctor, of Crawfordsville, MS, apparently was not a slave owner.

Acting Assistant Surgeon Albert G. Anderson, of Kosciusko in Attala county, is listed as owning 2 slave children, ages 6 and 3.

Assistant Surgeon Thomas P. Bell, of DeKalb, Kemper County, is listed as owning 6 slaves, all of them males from age 14 to 28.

Hospital Steward Thomas D. Reid, of Lauderdale Station, Lauderdale county, is not listed owning slaves.

Chaplain J. Richard Farrish, of Kosciusko, is not listed owning slaves.

Sergeant Major John Benjamin Daniel, of DeKalb, in Kemper County, apparently owned no slaves.

Commissary-Subsistence Captain Duncan P. McAllum, of DeKalb, is not listed as owning any slaves. However, his muster roll shows him bringing a servant/cook named Charles with him when he joined the regiment. And a Duncan R. McAllum in Kemper County, possibly his brother, is listed as owning 26 slaves, ranging in age from a 3 yr old male to a 50 yr old male.

Quartermaster Sergeant, later Captain Robert C. Topp, of Columbus, in Lowndes County, is not listed owning any slaves.

Quartermaster Sergeant (and diarist) William H. Hill, of Palo Alto, Clay County, MS, is not listed as a slave owner.

Commissary Sergeant David C. Smith, of Stonewall, Clarke county, is not listed owning slaves.

Commissary Sergeant William A. McClure, of Shubuta, Clarke county, is not listed owning slaves.

Ordnance Sergeant James Isham Hudson, of Louisville, Winston county, is not listing as a slave owner.

Band Master T. Dwight Nutting, of Attala County, is not listed as a slave owner.

Drum Major (!) Slyvanus Jackson Quinn, of Louisville, in Winston County, is not listed as owning slaves.

Minutemen of Attala Captain Lorenzo D. Fletcher, of Kosciusko, apparently owned 18 slaves, ranging from a 2 yr old male to a 50 yr old male.

Spartan Band Captain William H. Worthington, of Columbus, Lowndes County, is not listed as a slaveholder.

Winston Guards Captain John N. Bradley, of Louisville, Winston County, is not listed as a slaveowner. Nor are his father and three brothers.

Wayne Rifles Captain William J. Eckford, of Waynesboro, Wayne County, is not listed as a slaveholder.

Kemper Legion Captain John W. Carter, of Kemper County, is listed as owning 5 slaves, from a 7 yr old female to a 36 yr old male.

Newton Rifles Captain Montgomery Carlton, of Newton, in Newton County, is not listed as a slave holder.

Alamutcha Infantry Captain Peter H. Bozman, of Beat 5, Lauderdale, in Lauderdale County, is listed as owning 10 slaves, from a 9 yr old female to a 36 yr old female.

Lauderdale Zouaves Captain Kennon McElroy, of Lauderdale County, is not listed as a slave owner.

Secessionists Captain Daniel R. McIntosh, of Clarke County, is listed as owning 13 slaves, from a 9 yr old male to a 44 yr old female.

Pettus Guards Captain Samuel J. Randell is listed as owning 30 slaves, from a 1 yr old female to a 50 yr old male.

(This post will be continually updated)

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About Dick Stanley

Retired Texas daily newspaperman
This entry was posted in Gen. William Barksdale, Mississippi, Slavery, The Alamutcha Infantry, The Kemper Legion, The Minute Men of Attala, The Pettus Guards, The Secessionists, William H. Hill Diary and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

9 Responses to Slave-owning officers of the 13th

  1. It may be interesting, and useful, to look not only for direct slave ownership but for slave ownerhsip in the officer’s household. If you haven’t already done it, check out Glatthaar’s “General Lee’s Army” for methodology in this regard.

    • Dick Stanley says:

      Interesting, yes. Useful depends on the point of the exercise. Insofar as I can determine the household, defined as a wife or a direct blood connection, I will do that.

      I think Glatthaar’s statistical survey has holes in it and he goes too far in also contending that a man’s connection to slavery—as determined by indirect connections such as renting land from slaveholders, selling crops to them, etc.—is as pertinent as ownership.

      I wasn’t impressed by this guilt-by-association approach, anymore than I think his letter and diary anecdotes justify him calling Lee’s army cowards and thieves.

      In a state like Mississippi where the slave population was so large, livelihood connections to slaveholders were almost impossible to avoid.

  2. Carrie says:

    My 2nd great-grandfather, Andrew Jackson Crawford Jr., was a private in Company K of the 13th Mississippi. I believe he owned a few slaves, but don’t know with any certainty. I do know his father, Rev. A.J. Crawford, owned many slaves and had a large plantation on the banks of the Tombigbee River in Marengo Co. Alabama. In the 1850 census, the junior A.J. Crawford is listed as the overseer of his father’s plantation. As of yet I have not found exactly where that plantation was, the name of it or anything.

    Rev. A.J. Crawford (the senior A.J.) was a 2nd cousin of President Andrew Jackson, his father being James Crawford Jr. of the Waxhaws then Tennessee. Rev. Crawford received a letter from Jackson saying that the president feared the taxation issues and secessionist issues before the 1860s could lead to a great conflict in our nation. The Reverend also fought at the Battle of New Orleans alongside Jackson, his father was severely wounded at Hanging Rock in the Revolution and his grandfather, James Crawford Sr., died defending a neighbor’s homestead from Tories during the Revolutionary War. This makes A.J. Crawford Jr. of the 13th Mississippi, Co. K, the fourth in a line of soldiers from his family.

    Sorry to diverge from the topic, but it’s a little fascinating to me, :-).

    • Dick Stanley says:

      Thanks for the comment. Crawford was, indeed, a Pettus Guard (Co. K), though he’s not listed in the 1860 slave ownership census. There is an A.J. Crawford, however, of Marengo County, AL, who is listed in the census as owning 22 slaves. The home address is Township 15, Range 3 East. Maybe that will help you locate the plantation.

      McLean’s “Official Records…” book lists Pvt. Crawford as a married 30-year-old at the time of muster on March 14, ’61. His profession was dentist/doctor. You might want to get a copy of the book in order to follow your ancestor through the war. The latest edition is about a third as costly as the original one:

      http://13thmississippi.com/2010/06/24/jess-mcleans-invaluable-history/

  3. Carrie says:

    Mr. McLean wrote to me on ancestry and told me about his book. I plan on asking for a copy for Christmas, at least a copy of the CD. I hadn’t found anything to prove that he owned slaves, like I said, and census records show that he didn’t have the wealth of his father. If you’re interested in my tree, my user name on ancestry is crawford19761 and you can probably find it by searching for the A.J. Crawford.

    Thank you for this website. It’s very informative.

  4. John Presley Spinks says:

    Company C Assistant Surgeon John Clark Spinks was my Great Grandfather from Kemper County, MS. He did own slaves according to the rolls. His brothers Enoch Ephraim Spinks, Peter Early Spinks, Presely N Spinks and Raleigh W Spinks all owned slaves at one time or another prior to the war.

    • Dick Stanley says:

      Thanks for the comment and the information. JCS is in both McLean and Howell, the former listing his father as a “successful planter,” which apparently means slave owner, and also JCS’s graduation from Tulane’s medical department in 1857.

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